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Technical Analysis Meaning

Sep 8, 2023 | Updated Sep 8, 2023
Technical analysis is the study of past market activities, such as price movement and volume data, to estimate an asset’s price direction.

What is Technical Analysis in Crypto?

Technical analysis (TA) involves evaluating changes in a digital asset’s price and volume based on its historical price data. It helps traders understand how cryptocurrency markets and specific tokens behave, and can help investors make more educated guesses about the future price trends of an asset, such as when to buy or sell.

Assumptions in Technical Analysis

Technical analysis is based on the assumption that:

  • The current market price already reflects all relevant information, such as investor psychology, supply and demand, and market news.
  • History tends to repeat itself. Since market participants usually react in similar ways to price movements, past patterns are likely to reoccur in the future.
  • A cryptocurrency’s price is more likely to move similarly to a past trend, rather than move erratically. 

How Does It Work?

The main idea behind price movement is that a cryptocurrency’s value doesn’t randomly change. Instead, there’s always a reason behind the movement that can be used to make predictions. For instance, a price change in the crypto market, similar to traditional markets, is driven by a change in supply and demand dynamics. 

Technical analysis examines past and current market behavior to estimate the specific moment when the price is likely to change. In addition to analyzing past volume data, traders employ different tools and elements in their analysis, such as patterns and trends, support and resistance, and more.

  • Patterns and trends: Analysts look for recurring patterns that may indicate potential future price movements. They also analyze trends, including rising prices (uptrends), falling prices (downtrends), or stable prices to identify the general direction in which the market is moving.
  • Support and Resistance: Analysts identify levels of support (where buying pressure is expected to be strong) and resistance (where selling pressure is expected to be strong) on the price chart. These levels help determine potential entry and exit points for trades.

While many traders rely on technical analysis, it can be impacted by personal biases, and past performance isn’t always a perfect indication of future price movements, especially due to the high volatility of crypto assets.

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