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What is Polygon (MATIC)?

Read 4 min
Coins spiraling in a circle
— The more crowded a blockchain network is, the slower and more costly the transactions become.

— Polygon is a Layer 2 solution designed to solve all of Ethereum’s critical problems, making crypto accessible to everyone.

— You can buy, swap and manage your MATIC and MATIC tokens with the best possible security through Ledger Live.

— Plus, you can now visualize your Polygon NFTs within the security of Ledger Live, and seamlessly send and receive them without blind signing!

Just heard of layer two solutions and their revolutionary potential? Then this would be the perfect time to explore Polygon!

Take a moment to picture a congested highway, thousands of cars going under five miles per hour. Now imagine you’re on a high-speed train that runs parallel to the freeway, happily zooming past a bunch of disgruntled drivers. Adding to the hot mess, the drivers sitting in traffic spent a lot of money on gas. They’re all in a race to go nowhere, fast. 

But you’re smarter than them. You only spent $20 on a train ticket to get to where they’re all going. However, it’s taking half the time and it’s a safer mode of travel, statistically speaking.

Well, if you understand that concept, let’s meet the blockchain’s equivalent: Layer 2 solutions.

The Need For Layer 2 Blockchains

Ethereum is the world’s most popular blockchain network. It was built to do something that Bitcoin’s protocol could not: run dApps and smart contracts. Perhaps the best thing to ever happen thanks to blockchain, dApps let developers and users directly interact with blockchain tech.

More than just handling the buying or selling of crypto, dApps allow you to build cool stuff using Ethereum’s network. They are also why we get to enjoy NFTs. Every popular service you might know on the blockchain is likely a dapp, else they are blockchain apps which also use smart contracts. DeFi protocol such as Uniswap, NFT marketplaces like OpenSea, and even the legendary CryptoPunks themselves are all examples of these type of apps. Now imagine how many applications are being queued up and sent to Ethereum’s blockchain, 24 hours a day, racing to be approved by the network’s validators.

What is the Polygon Blockchain?

Polygon (formerly called Matic) is a secret shortcut known in the crypto industry as a Layer 2 Scaling Solution. But this sounds kinda complicated; it’s an intimidating name for such a phenomenal yet straightforward concept. That’s why it’s best to think of all layer 2 solutions as nothing more than a shortcut for getting around Ethereum’s “waiting lines.”

In short, Layer 2 protocols are designed to tackle Ethereum’s problems while still being completely compatible with the parent network. To learn more, check out the full article on Layer 2 blockchains. However, for the purposes of this article, all you need to know is layer 2 blockchain technology allows you to benefit from the best of both chains. Let’s explore how.

Why is Polygon Blockchain So Popular?

We now know what L2 solutions do, but we are curious beings, so it’s critical to understand why they are doing it. Why are Ethereum-alternative networks like Polygon starting to dominate the crypto market? See the Polygon price chart.

Polygon is perhaps one of the most popular L2 providers around. It is a great model to learn more about the importance of these scaling solutions. Formerly named Matic (though its native token still bears the name Matic today), Polygon took on the challenges that plague Ethereum to create a far better user experience for crypto adopters. In fact, the team at Polygon was one of the first to bring off-chain solutions to Ethereum.

Thanks to Polygon’s sidechain, Ethereum can scale significantly without making any sacrifices in terms of decentralization. Off-chain solutions offer cheap, near-instant transactions that ultimately settle in batches on the main network. 

Benefits of the Polygon Blockchain


Some of the critical problems that Polygon set out to solve include Ethereum’s low throughput (transactions per second), high gas fees, and of course, its network traffic in general. But most importantly, Polygon wants inclusivity. Ethereum’s transaction costs and gas fees have left millions of users out in the dust. It’s just not affordable to most people.

Overall, Polygon enhances the user experience on the blockchain by facilitating cheap, instant transactions while also being compatible with other blockchain networks and tokens. The Polygon network was built relatively fast. As the team was racing to put out its Layer 2 solutions that the DeFi community desperately needed. 

Lower Gas Fees

Next, Ethereum’s high gas fees have always driven its users to explore sidechain options like Polygon. 

Sidechains like Polygon are picking up steam very fast. Thanks to their tech, you get the best of both worlds. You are freeing yourself from the high fees of networks like Ethereum, while still being able to reap all the core benefits of blockchain. 

Risks of Polygon Blockchain

While there are plenty of benefits of the chain, it also comes with its own risk. For example, Polygon runs its own separate blockchain nodes, and there are only a handful of them that secures the network. In a sense, that makes Polygon less of a decentralized protocol, similar to Binance Smart Chain

Polygon In The Ledger Ecosystem

If your interest has been piqued, Ledger’s got your back! The Polygon blockchain is now supported in Ledger Live. Simply create a MATIC account within the Ledger platform to buy, swap and manage your MATIC tokens seamlessly – without your private keys ever leaving your device. Better still, you can now automatically display your Polygon NFTs through your Ledger Live “Account” section and seamlessly send them to another Polygon wallet (and receive them) with no blind-signing involved.

Innovation is constantly pushing crypto forward. Ledger is there to make sure you can safely engage with all of it. So stay secure and keep on learning – we’ve barely even started.

Knowledge is Power.

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