Not Your Keys, Not Your Coins. It’s That Simple.
| — The expression “not your keys, not your coins” refers to needing to own the private keys associated with your funds|
— The person owning private keys is the one deciding how the crypto assets associated are spent – if you don’t own this, you’re entrusting your crypto to a third party
— If you do own your keys, you have complete control over how to use your funds
— Owning your keys also means being responsible for their security – and our devices are created to help facilitate this
“Not your keys, not your coins” is a popular expression in the world of cryptocurrencies – and a very important one at that. Without owning your keys, you wouldn’t really be in control of your coins. Curious as to why? Well, we have the answer for you – let’s dive into it.
What are “your keys”?
Similar to a bank account number, cryptocurrencies are sent to a receiving address. The technical term for this address is the public key. When someone sends you some Bitcoin, they will send it to your public key. It’s called public, since you can send it to anyone without compromising your crypto.
There is, however, another key that is linked to your public key. That would be the private key. This key is absolutely vital. Anyone that has access to the private key can access the funds on the public key that it’s linked to. In simpler terms a private key is similar to a password – a means of identifying you as the true owner. When speaking of “not your keys, not your coins”, it refers to your private key.
The difference between accessing and owning your coins
When logging into your favorite exchange, it might seem like you actually own the coins on your account. After all, you do need to log in to gain access to them, right?
Wrong. It looks like you’re in total control of your assets… until you try to withdraw more cryptocurrencies than the platform permits – or lower than a certain threshold. As a matter of fact, the exchange might take a cut of any cryptocurrency transaction you make. They can quite simply do this, since you don’t own the private keys to the crypto assets on your account – they have them.
This phenomenon isn’t limited to exchanges: it goes for any wallet provider that doesn’t allow you to own the keys to the associated funds. If you don’t own the private keys, then you are not the true owner of the funds – you’d be entrusting a third party to it. This means that they essentially can do whatever they want with the cryptocurrencies on your account.
Why does owning my keys matter?
There’s a plethora of reasons why you’d want to own your keys, rather than leaving it in the custody of a third party, requiring you to trust your funds to them.
The most obvious is accidentally entrusting it to malicious actors. Should you have trusted a malicious third party with your money, you’ll likely never see it back. Thankfully this is quite unlikely with established companies.
Even then you will never be in total control over your own money with them. As mentioned previously, they can set certain restrictions like a maximum withdrawal limit or fees associated with using their services. They can decide what you can do with your own hard-earned money. Also if their platform has any technical issues, you’re basically locked out of your cryptocurrencies. In short: so long as you don’t own your keys, you won’t have financial freedom and your funds remain at someone else’s mercy.
On top of this, you won’t have control over the security of the platform’s system either – you’re outsourcing your cryptocurrency’s security to them. Unfortunately over the years, there have been major hacks that have amounted to around 2 billion dollars being stolen.
The opposite is true if you own your own private keys. By having the private keys, you can set your own rules. There won’t be anyone else telling you what you can or cannot do with your own cryptocurrencies. By having your own keys, you fully own your own coins and can enjoy financial freedom.
Having your own keys does come with an important responsibility though: you must ensure that you’ll be the only one to hold those private keys. If anyone else manages to get their hands on them, they can access and take your cryptocurrencies.
That’s where we come in.
Ledger: your keys, your coins, secure
At Ledger, we create hardware wallets to provide you with the path to financial freedom with the highest level of security for your private keys – thus your cryptocurrencies.
Our devices store your private keys without ever exposing them to your computer or smartphone. This means that even if someone were to hack your PC, they’d still not get access to your precious crypto assets. We use only the most top-notch secure chips known as Secure Elements to even withstand highly sophisticated physical attacks on our hardware wallets.
Through our hardware wallets, we provide peace of mind to our users by offering an easy-to-use, accessible yet secure solution. In short: with our devices, you still own your keys, thus you securely own your own coins.
It doesn’t end there though. With our expertly crafted software, Ledger Live, you not only have full control over your assets. We equally provide a single platform for managing multiple cryptocurrencies, where you can directly buy your favorite coins and even passively earn more for certain ones through staking. All while keeping the high security standard we’ve set for ourselves. Over the years, Ledger Live has grown to a central starting point for anyone wanting to join the world of cryptocurrencies – and we’re still working on adding even more exciting new features.
Keep learning! If you enjoy getting to grips with crypto and blockchain, check out our School of Block video How to Keep Your Crypto Safe.